Dear Students! Below is the Complete List of Punjab Board Math Videos for 1st Year:
Chapter 1: Numbers System
Chapter 2: Sets, Functions and Groups
Chapter 3: Matrices and Determinants
Chapter 4: Quadratic Equations
Chapter 5: Partial Fractions
Chapter 6: Sequences and Series
Chapter 9: Fundamentals of Trigonometry
Chapter 11: Trigonometric Functions and their Graphs
Chapter 12: Application of Trigonometry
Chapter 13: Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Chapter 14: Solutions of Trigonometric Equations
Our much awaited video lectures of Matric Biology for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Board are now available at our website www.sabaq.pk. Video lectures for both 9th and 10th grade have been prepared by mapping the exact textbooks of the KPK Board for 9th and 10th classes. The sequence of chapters for Biology 9th and 10th are as follows:
Biology Lectures for Class 9
Chapter 1: Introduction to Biology
Chapter 2: Solving a Biological Problem
Chapter 3: Biodiversity
Chapter 4: Cells and Tissues
Chapter 5: Cell Cycle
Chapter 6: Enzymes
Chapter 7: Bioenergetics
Chapter 8: Nutrition
Chapter 9: Transport
Biology Lectures for Class 10
Chapter 1: Gaseous Exchange
Chapter 2: Homeostasis
Chapter 3: Coordination and Control
Chapter 4: Support and Movement
Chapter 5: Reproduction
Chapter 6: Inheritance
Chapter 7: Man and His Environment
Chapter 8: Biotechnology
Chapter 9: Pharmacology
According to a report on out of school children (OOSC) by Alif Ailaan, more than 25 million Pakistani children between the ages of 5 and 16 are deprived of their right to education. One in every five of primary-school going children, does not attend school. This proportion increases at higher levels of education. While making sure that children who are enrolled remain in school is a concern across the country, the report reveals that the majority of out of school children are those who have never seen the inside of a classroom.
Doing a regional comparison, Balochistan has the highest proportion of out of school children, followed by the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Whearas terms of population, more than half of the total number of out of school children are in Punjab.
What is even more disappointing is that girls comprise more than half of the 25.02 million out of school children. The data also reveal vast regional disparities in providing equal opportunities for schooling to girls, with the greatest disparity in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK). For both girls and boys, access to schooling is more difficult in rural areas and the gap widens at higher levels of education.
Similarly, children from the poorest families are more likely to be out of school compared to their counterparts belonging to richer families. Nevertheless, retention is a gauge of the quality of education and the data show that across the country almost half of all children enrolled in Class 1 either drop out, transfer to a private school or repeat at least one year during the first five years of schooling.
A significant proportion of students also drop out at higher levels of education, with three times more children enrolled in the first five years of school (Class 1-5) compared to the next five years (Class 6-10). One of the major reasons for both boys and girls dropping out, as reported by parents, is that children themselves are unwilling to continue schooling.
In our opinion, this is exactly what needs to be worked on. Our schools and colleges put immense burden on children, making them weary of attending classes. As a result, children run away from educational institutes. This has highly increased the drop out ratio in Pakistan. There seems a need for schools to bring innovation and uniqueness to their teaching style. Education should be fun for children, not a burden.
One suggestion is to introduce the audio-visual aids in classrooms where children can watch lecture videos on a screen/projector. This will surely add life to the routine lectures of teachers which usually fail to catch the students attention. If such technology comes to the classrooms, it will be possible for teachers to complement their lectures with video lectures in the form of DVDs or online video tutorials. Implementing this idea poses a great opportunity to add flavor to the traditional lectures in schools. The above mentioned video for instance explains how Nitric Acid is Prepared in a Laboratory.
In case the schools do not have proper laboratories to show such experiments, the only way a teacher can fully explain this topics is by using an online video in their lecture. Introducing such things in classrooms can surely attract more children to schools, along with decreasing drop out ratio of our schools and colleges.
Harmful diseases caused by smoking:
Smoking is a very harmful addiction that destroys a person’s life completely. It causes a whole lot of diseases. Lung cancer is the first and foremost of those. Smoking causes the cells of alveoli in our lungs to start dividing abnormally. This causes them to multiply in number and form a lump in our lungs.
Not only this, smoking affects all the body parts including the kidneys, mouth, oral cavity, bladder and even the larynx as well. Larynx basically cools, moistens the inhaled air along with removing the dust from it. Smoking inhibits the larynx from doing so. Hence a smoker’s larynx is unable to perform these functions.
Moreover, the kidneys get damaged as they filter the carcinogenic blood. Smoking also affects the oral cavity including the mouth, teeth, gums. Our teeth become yellowish due to smoking.
Smoking causes the carbon monoxide level in our blood to exceed thereby decreasing our haemoglobin level to decrease. Carbon monoxide increases the amount of platelets in our blood causing ‘arteriosclerosis’. Arteriosclerosis causes the arterial wall to get thick and less elastic. Additionally, smoking also causes ‘Pneumonia‘ and ‘Tuberculosis (TB)‘. Along with all of these diseases, smoking also affects a person’s social life as s/he slowly gets inflicted by diseases.
Another important point is that ‘passive smoking‘ harms the non smokers to a much greater extent. Inhaling the smoke of a smoker causes double damage to the passive smokers as the smoke goes in their lungs unfiltered. Thus, even the smokers’ family members are not safe from the dangers of smoking.
Hence, people must avoid this life threatening addiction as much as possible if they are to lead a healthy life. The World Health Organization (WHO) celebrates World No Tobacco Day on 31st May of every year to create awareness among people about the harmful effects caused by smoking.
Education plays a vital role in the socio- political and economic progress of a nation. Parents and governments in Pakistan have long faced daunting challenges in provision of quality and affordable education.
Some of the problems include limited budgetary allocations, low enrollment rate, high dropout rates, and difficulty in provision of infrastructural facilities to far-flung areas. In rural areas, good quality schools and colleges are scanty, ghost schools are aplenty, and faculty lacks the skills for proper instruction.
But with technology, far-flung areas can be provided with modern educational infrastructure. The need of the hour is to find imaginative ways to apply technology to specific challenges across the education value-chain. One solution is to introduce digital textbooks in Pakistani schools.
Institutes all around the world are moving towards providing their students with PCs and hand-held gadgets.
This has helped them overcome the costly problem of updating their text-books time and again. The gadgets can be used by teachers for marking attendance, lecture delivery, and conducting quizzes. The students can benefit from them by accessing digital books and online learning material along with submitting their homework, quizzes and assignments. Such an ecosystem would also familiarise our students with the uses of technology for seeking knowledge, making them tech-savvy at an early age. Some students are also deprived of internet and technological devices at home.
Therefore, if the schools can provide them with such facilities on campus, that can help bridge the digital divide from the outset. The latest advancements in electronic devices have made them quite affordable. Hence, institutions can devote the budget allocated to the textbooks’ up-gradation toward the provision of hand-held gadgets to their students. This also offers a way out from carrying heavy school-bags that act as a deterrent for school-going children. A research conducted by the US National Institute of Health in 2006 discovered that 37 percent of children aging 11-14 reported suffering from back-ache due to carrying a heavy bag.
Additionally, this would also ease up the pressure on our forests as fewer trees would be cut to make paper for textbooks. But the challenge remains that most of the school teachers in Pakistan are not tech-savvy, let alone the students. Vigorous training sessions would be needed to train the faculty on the usage of such gadgets as only then they would be able to impart those skills in their students.
Hence, it would be a matter of time before this idea can get popular in Pakistan. Another major hurdle, in this regard, is the power shortfall in our country, because online gadgets, despite being wireless, depend on some power to work.
The good news is the advent of 3G and 4G, which offer a great opportunity for students in rural areas. As the latest mobile communication standards allow mobile phones, computers and other portable electronic devices to access the internet wirelessly, students will have more and more opportunities to go online and seek complementary
education solutions, such as free online video tutorials.
This presents a great opportunity for the introduction of e-learning and blended learning in Pakistan. E-learning is the use of electronic media, information and communication technologies (ICT) in education. Whereas, blended learning
is a formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through online delivery of content alongside textbooks. While still attending a “brick-and-mortar” school structure, face-to-face classroom methods are combined
with computer-mediated activities.
Such advancements in the field of education pose to clean-sweep conventional education methods. These concepts
are gaining immense popularity worldwide and have made access to acquiring specialized knowledge a piece of cake.
Vocational education training is another area where e-learning can also be made use of. These institutes all around the world are giving specialization trainings to farmers to increase their crop yields via audio-visual lectures.
Therefore, to enhance Pakistan’s global competitiveness in agriculture and textile sectors, it is pivotal that the farmers be provided with technical education and vocational training services using the same methods. Then, growing broadband connectivity can also boost self-learning.
As per the 2010 Sloan Survey of Online Learning in US higher education, conducted by Babson Survey Research Group, enrollments in online courses increased by 21 percent during the year, whilst on campus enrollments increased by 2 percent. This meant an increase of over one million students in online courses. Over 5.6 million students were enrolled in at least one online course in 2010. These statistics suggest that e-learning is the future of education and leave no doubt about the potential of such initiatives taken at home.
Our philanthropic organisation, Sabaq Foundation, has taken a step in that direction via its website www.sabaq.pk. The website is an online education portal through which students may gain access to free video tutorials at home. Sabaq’s website has so far covered O-level Math,and Chemistry. Matric syllabus for Math, Physics, Chemistry and Biology is also available along with problem solving question. Nowadays, video tutorials of 1st year and 2nd year are being made.
Due to pent-up demand for such portals, the website has over 4 million video lectures have been delivered to 5 hundred thousand students. Had the same number of students opted for after-school tuitions costing around Rs. 2000 per month to each student (a conservative estimate), it would have cost their parents Rs. 700 million.
Such blended learning platforms offer an alternative to seeking after-school tuitions as students can gain access to
top-quality video tutorials right at their homes. Moreover, students who are facing difficulty understanding the concepts at school need not worry anymore. Girls who cannot go to tuition centres after school can greatly benefit
from this platform.
However, pilot projects for e-learning can only be successful in Pakistan once the students are well-acquainted
with the use of technology. With the knowledge-based economies making waves on the road to economic progress, it has become extremely important for Pakistan to acquaint its students and teachers with the latest technological developments in the field of education. Only then can our country make a leap forward in terms of economic progress.
سید ذیشان احمد
کوئی سرکاری ادارہ کوئی ریگولیٹری باڈی موجود نہیں جو جھاڑیوں کی طرح ہر گلی میں اگتے ان سینٹروں پر نظر رکھے —
ہمارے ملک کے تعلیمی نظام میں کوچنگ سینٹرز بہت ہی اہم کردار ادا کرتے ہیں۔ میں نے اپنی تعلیمی زندگی میں جیسے جیسے قدم بڑھائے، مجھ پر یہ بات واضح ہوتی گئی کہ یہ سینٹر بالکل اسکولوں اور کالجوں کی طرح ہی اہم ہیں۔ اور تب ہی یہ حقیقت بھی کھلنے لگی کہ ایسے تمام سینٹر بالکل ایک ہی طرح سے تعلیم بیچنے کا کام کرتے ہیں۔
اگر تمام نہیں تو زیادہ تر ٹیوشن سینٹر ایک مشین کے طور پر کام کرتے ہیں۔ اور ایک مشین ہی کی طرح یہ روح سے عاری ہوتے ہیں۔ مشہور ترین سینٹروں کی فیسیں بھی آسمان سے باتیں کرتی دکھائی دیتی ہیں۔ ویسے تو کوچنگ سینٹرز اپنے اشتہاروں میں اس بات کا اعادہ کرتے ہیں کہ ان کا تمام…
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