Our much awaited video lectures of Matric Biology for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Board are now available at our website www.sabaq.pk. Video lectures for both 9th and 10th grade have been prepared by mapping the exact textbooks of the KPK Board for 9th and 10th classes. The sequence of chapters for Biology 9th and 10th are as follows:
Biology Lectures for Class 9
Chapter 1: Introduction to Biology
Chapter 2: Solving a Biological Problem
Chapter 3: Biodiversity
Chapter 4: Cells and Tissues
Chapter 5: Cell Cycle
Chapter 6: Enzymes
Chapter 7: Bioenergetics
Chapter 8: Nutrition
Chapter 9: Transport
Biology Lectures for Class 10
Chapter 1: Gaseous Exchange
Chapter 2: Homeostasis
Chapter 3: Coordination and Control
Chapter 4: Support and Movement
Chapter 5: Reproduction
Chapter 6: Inheritance
Chapter 7: Man and His Environment
Chapter 8: Biotechnology
Chapter 9: Pharmacology
According to a report on out of school children (OOSC) by Alif Ailaan, more than 25 million Pakistani children between the ages of 5 and 16 are deprived of their right to education. One in every five of primary-school going children, does not attend school. This proportion increases at higher levels of education. While making sure that children who are enrolled remain in school is a concern across the country, the report reveals that the majority of out of school children are those who have never seen the inside of a classroom.
Doing a regional comparison, Balochistan has the highest proportion of out of school children, followed by the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Whearas terms of population, more than half of the total number of out of school children are in Punjab.
What is even more disappointing is that girls comprise more than half of the 25.02 million out of school children. The data also reveal vast regional disparities in providing equal opportunities for schooling to girls, with the greatest disparity in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK). For both girls and boys, access to schooling is more difficult in rural areas and the gap widens at higher levels of education.
Similarly, children from the poorest families are more likely to be out of school compared to their counterparts belonging to richer families. Nevertheless, retention is a gauge of the quality of education and the data show that across the country almost half of all children enrolled in Class 1 either drop out, transfer to a private school or repeat at least one year during the first five years of schooling.
A significant proportion of students also drop out at higher levels of education, with three times more children enrolled in the first five years of school (Class 1-5) compared to the next five years (Class 6-10). One of the major reasons for both boys and girls dropping out, as reported by parents, is that children themselves are unwilling to continue schooling.
In our opinion, this is exactly what needs to be worked on. Our schools and colleges put immense burden on children, making them weary of attending classes. As a result, children run away from educational institutes. This has highly increased the drop out ratio in Pakistan. There seems a need for schools to bring innovation and uniqueness to their teaching style. Education should be fun for children, not a burden.
One suggestion is to introduce the audio-visual aids in classrooms where children can watch lecture videos on a screen/projector. This will surely add life to the routine lectures of teachers which usually fail to catch the students attention. If such technology comes to the classrooms, it will be possible for teachers to complement their lectures with video lectures in the form of DVDs or online video tutorials. Implementing this idea poses a great opportunity to add flavor to the traditional lectures in schools. The above mentioned video for instance explains how Nitric Acid is Prepared in a Laboratory.
In case the schools do not have proper laboratories to show such experiments, the only way a teacher can fully explain this topics is by using an online video in their lecture. Introducing such things in classrooms can surely attract more children to schools, along with decreasing drop out ratio of our schools and colleges.
Education plays a vital role in the socio- political and economic progress of a nation. Parents and governments in Pakistan have long faced daunting challenges in provision of quality and affordable education.
Some of the problems include limited budgetary allocations, low enrollment rate, high dropout rates, and difficulty in provision of infrastructural facilities to far-flung areas. In rural areas, good quality schools and colleges are scanty, ghost schools are aplenty, and faculty lacks the skills for proper instruction.
But with technology, far-flung areas can be provided with modern educational infrastructure. The need of the hour is to find imaginative ways to apply technology to specific challenges across the education value-chain. One solution is to introduce digital textbooks in Pakistani schools.
Institutes all around the world are moving towards providing their students with PCs and hand-held gadgets.
This has helped them overcome the costly problem of updating their text-books time and again. The gadgets can be used by teachers for marking attendance, lecture delivery, and conducting quizzes. The students can benefit from them by accessing digital books and online learning material along with submitting their homework, quizzes and assignments. Such an ecosystem would also familiarise our students with the uses of technology for seeking knowledge, making them tech-savvy at an early age. Some students are also deprived of internet and technological devices at home.
Therefore, if the schools can provide them with such facilities on campus, that can help bridge the digital divide from the outset. The latest advancements in electronic devices have made them quite affordable. Hence, institutions can devote the budget allocated to the textbooks’ up-gradation toward the provision of hand-held gadgets to their students. This also offers a way out from carrying heavy school-bags that act as a deterrent for school-going children. A research conducted by the US National Institute of Health in 2006 discovered that 37 percent of children aging 11-14 reported suffering from back-ache due to carrying a heavy bag.
Additionally, this would also ease up the pressure on our forests as fewer trees would be cut to make paper for textbooks. But the challenge remains that most of the school teachers in Pakistan are not tech-savvy, let alone the students. Vigorous training sessions would be needed to train the faculty on the usage of such gadgets as only then they would be able to impart those skills in their students.
Hence, it would be a matter of time before this idea can get popular in Pakistan. Another major hurdle, in this regard, is the power shortfall in our country, because online gadgets, despite being wireless, depend on some power to work.
The good news is the advent of 3G and 4G, which offer a great opportunity for students in rural areas. As the latest mobile communication standards allow mobile phones, computers and other portable electronic devices to access the internet wirelessly, students will have more and more opportunities to go online and seek complementary
education solutions, such as free online video tutorials.
This presents a great opportunity for the introduction of e-learning and blended learning in Pakistan. E-learning is the use of electronic media, information and communication technologies (ICT) in education. Whereas, blended learning
is a formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through online delivery of content alongside textbooks. While still attending a “brick-and-mortar” school structure, face-to-face classroom methods are combined
with computer-mediated activities.
Such advancements in the field of education pose to clean-sweep conventional education methods. These concepts
are gaining immense popularity worldwide and have made access to acquiring specialized knowledge a piece of cake.
Vocational education training is another area where e-learning can also be made use of. These institutes all around the world are giving specialization trainings to farmers to increase their crop yields via audio-visual lectures.
Therefore, to enhance Pakistan’s global competitiveness in agriculture and textile sectors, it is pivotal that the farmers be provided with technical education and vocational training services using the same methods. Then, growing broadband connectivity can also boost self-learning.
As per the 2010 Sloan Survey of Online Learning in US higher education, conducted by Babson Survey Research Group, enrollments in online courses increased by 21 percent during the year, whilst on campus enrollments increased by 2 percent. This meant an increase of over one million students in online courses. Over 5.6 million students were enrolled in at least one online course in 2010. These statistics suggest that e-learning is the future of education and leave no doubt about the potential of such initiatives taken at home.
Our philanthropic organisation, Sabaq Foundation, has taken a step in that direction via its website www.sabaq.pk. The website is an online education portal through which students may gain access to free video tutorials at home. Sabaq’s website has so far covered O-level Math,and Chemistry. Matric syllabus for Math, Physics, Chemistry and Biology is also available along with problem solving question. Nowadays, video tutorials of 1st year and 2nd year are being made.
Due to pent-up demand for such portals, the website has over 4 million video lectures have been delivered to 5 hundred thousand students. Had the same number of students opted for after-school tuitions costing around Rs. 2000 per month to each student (a conservative estimate), it would have cost their parents Rs. 700 million.
Such blended learning platforms offer an alternative to seeking after-school tuitions as students can gain access to
top-quality video tutorials right at their homes. Moreover, students who are facing difficulty understanding the concepts at school need not worry anymore. Girls who cannot go to tuition centres after school can greatly benefit
from this platform.
However, pilot projects for e-learning can only be successful in Pakistan once the students are well-acquainted
with the use of technology. With the knowledge-based economies making waves on the road to economic progress, it has become extremely important for Pakistan to acquaint its students and teachers with the latest technological developments in the field of education. Only then can our country make a leap forward in terms of economic progress.
One of the most unique features of our website is that along with giving concept lectures, it also provides video tutorials that explain and solve the difficult problems and questions from their textbooks. The main reason for doing so is to ensure that the students grasp the concepts fully. A student can not fully understand a concept unless it is explained by solving a difficult question. Hence, most of the concept lectures of Physics, Chemistry and Math for Matric (Class 9th and 10th) are accompanied by videos solving a difficult problem or a question.
We firmly believe that education through online video tutorials can help the students and parents get rid of academies and tuition centres that have plagued our society. Our videos are meant to be an aid for students deprived off of quality education. Such students are being exploited by those tuition centres. The students can seek help from our website in case any of their concepts remain unclear even after attending their school/college lectures. Hopefully, our problem solving videos can help to a great extent. This will surely help them achieve good grades in their exams as well. Check out the following problem solving videos for instance.
1. Physics Problem: Working of Simple Harmonic Motion
2. Math Problem; Algebraic Expressions and Algebraic Sentences
3. Chemistry Problem; Calculating Molality of a Solution
Our aim is to remove all the confusions and conceptual haziness from the students minds. Once the students are confident that their concepts are sharp, only then can they appear in their exams with full confidence. Hence, our mission is to resolve the educational crisis in Pakistan. Our videos are intended to ensure free and quality education in Pakistan as only then can our educational crisis be resolved.
Sabaq Foundation presents its heartiest greetings to Malala Yousafzai for winning the Nobel peace prize. Arriving in Oslo City Hall, Norway, Malala made history by becoming the world’s youngest ever Nobel peace prize laureate. Born on 12 July 1997, Malala came into limelight when was shot in the head by Taliban in October 2012. Her crime was that she stood up for the girls’ right to go to school. Since then, the 17-year-old teen from Swat has come a long way in her campaign for ‘every child’s right to education’.
Malala received the peace prize alongside the 60 year old Kailash Satyarthi. Kailash is an Indian child rights activist who stood up to raise awareness about eradicating child labor. Along with speaking up for every child’s right to education, Malala also pleaded to the “developed and strong” countries to bringing peace and harmony in the world.
Whilst the audience appreciated Malala with a huge round of applause, the teenaged girl also received tremendous applause in her hometown Swat. The Nobel Prize distribution ceremony was watched on a big screen in Swat by many teachers and children.
The teachers in Swat said; “Malala is an inspiration for the entire youth of Pakistan along with being the pride of seventy million Pakhtuns worldwide.”
Hence, Sabaq Foundation also hopes to follow in the footsteps of our brave educational activist Malala. We are proud to be one of the contributors in fulfilling Malala’s dream of every child’s right to education. We feel that an online video tutorial website such as our can serve as a double edged sword. Not only can it resolve Pakistan’s educational crises, but it can also help bring in the much needed E learning revolution in Pakistan. Our ultimate dream is to provide a free online video tutorial bank to all Pakistani students so that all the children have access to free and quality education no matter what class or background they come from.
Newton’s first law
If an object is at rest , it will remain in that state unless applied by an unbalanced force. Similarly if an object is moving , it will remain in uniform motion unless applied by an unbalanced force.
Galileo introduced this theory in late 1500s. He said that objects have a natural tendency to return to their original positions if they are not being applied by a force. If a cycle is to be moved continuously, the person need to apply a force to the paddle. Descartes also said the same thing.
Newton however, disagreed with them. According to Newton;
“An object at rest remains at rest unless applied by an unbalanced force. An object in motion continues to move with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force”.
Hence, according to Newton an object maintains its state of motion until an unbalanced force is applied to it. It turned out that Newton was right. For instance a cycle keeps on moving unless its brakes are not applied. The brakes apply a force of friction to the tyre that cause it to stop.
Similarly gravitational force and the air resistance also acting on the tyre cause it to stop if one does not keep paddling. If these forces are made zero. then the cycle will keep on moving. there will be no need to paddle it then. In the same manner a book only rests on a table because the net force acting on it is zero.
Law of Inertia
Newton’s first law is also known as “the law of inertia”.
Inertia is the property of a body to resist change in its motion.
Lets say you are traveling in a car. Although with respect to the car you are at rest, but you are considered to be moving with respect to the environment. When the brakes are applied, the car may stop but you will tend to be pushed forward due to inertia since your moving body would resist the change in its motion.
To the pleasure of many students, 1st year and 2nd year Math videos for Punjab Board have been uploaded on our website. We hope that it will be very helpful for all the pre engineering students of F.Sc level. We have been trying our best to add more and more content. However, due to shortage of time and resources we need to prioritze the video uploading process. Hence, for now we are focusing on adding the 1st year and 2nd year content. Physics lectures for 1st and 2nd year are also going through their final stages of uploading.
However, the O Level students need not worry as we are going to upload O Level Chemistry videos next. They will be available by the end of this week Insha Allah.
For now, some of the initial video tutorials for Math have been uploaded. More chapters are going through their final stage of preparation. Below is the list of chapters for 1st year and 2nd year Math that can are available on our website.
Punjab Board Math videos for 1st year are as follows:
Math Textbook for Class 11
Chapter 1: Numbers System
Chapter 2: Sets, Functions and Groups
Chapter 3: Matrices and Determinants
Chapter 4: Quadratic Equations
Chapter 5: Partial Fractions
Chapter 6: Sequences and Series
Punjab Board Math videos for 2nd year are as follows:
Math Textbook for Class 12
Chapter 1: Functions and Limits
Chapter 2: Differentiation
Chapter 3: Integration
Chapter 4: Introduction to Analytic Geometry
Sabaq Foundation is pleased to announce their attendance at both Teacher’s and Children’s Literature Festival to be held in Lahore from 27- 29 November. The three day event will consist of the Teachers’ Literature Festival (TLF) on 27th and the Children’s Literature Festival (CLF) (28-29 Nov)to be open for the public at the Children’s Library Complex Lahore.
Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif and Minister for Education Rana Mashhood have been invited to inaugurate the CLF.
The festivals have been organised by the Idara-i-Taleem-o-Aagahi (ITA) & Oxford University Press (OUP) in collaboration with the Open Society Foundations (OSF).
The teachers’ and childrens’ festivals will be open for everyone from 9 a.m to 5 p.m.
The Teachers’ Literature Festival will be held on November 27, for the first time in Lahore. As many as 30,000 people are expected to show up on CLF and 1,500 to 2,000 teachers are expected to take part in the Teachers’ Literature Festival.
The festival aims to promote reading and critical thinking in classrooms and schools. It will also provide teachers an opportunity to voice their views.
Events at the festival include read-and-sing-along stories, theater, skits, puppet shows, poetry recitals, book launches and plenary sessions and workshops.
CLF Lahore is a free public event; an equalizer for all school systems – government and private sector, non-formal and special needs schools. CLF focuses on reviving a culture of critical thinking and imagination by generating innovative content for textbooks and supplementary materials in classrooms in order to promote reading habits beyond textbooks and tests.
The CLF is not only important for schools & colleges to attend, educational trusts and NGOs are also ensuring their presence in the festival to create awareness about the importance of education amongst people.
Hence, Sabaq Foundation has also grabbed the opportunity to do so. People can come to our stall to know about our cause.
CLF Lahore is going to present celebrities, authors, publishers and well-known personalities. The event will feature interactive readings, discussions, workshops, theatres and art experiences by famous children’s writers, poets and artists.
Baela Raza Jamil, a founding member of the CLF and programmes director at the ITA, said such festivals were part of a social movement to change the country’s education system.“We want to demonstrate what works to capture the hearts and minds of our children, youth, teachers and parents.”
“Educators should take inspiration from festivals like the CLF and integrate them in their daily classroom practices. Some school systems are already replicating these activities” she said.
Zehra Nigah, Haseena Moin, Samina Ahmed, Raza Kazim, Nadia Jamil, Adeel Hashmi, Khaled Anam, Ali Hamza and Zubeida Mustafa among others will participate.
Adeel Hashmi, ambassador for the CLF, said he was honoured to be part of the festival. “In a country where unfortunately education is rarely prioritised, such events are a breath of fresh air.”
Whether education in Pakistan should be in English or Urdu has been a never ending debate ever since the creation of Pakistan. Actually this issue has been a very hot debate even before the creation of Pakistan.
The British Era
Ever since the British came to rule India, Muslims have always been reluctant to adopt the British culture, education system and even language. The Hindus however were always keen to adapt to British education and language. they were quick to learn English and adapt to British education system.
Sir Syed’s Plea to Learn English
As a result the Muslims lagged behind the Hindus in terms of education and grabbing the best job opportunities. Even when Sir Syed Ahmed Khan raised the alarm that Muslims should learn English and adapt to British education system, the Muslims were quick to dub him as a traitor. His intentions were taken wrongly by Muslims.Whereas actually, he was the one who could foresee Muslims lagging behind the Hindus due to this very reason.However, the Muslims shunned away the British education systems out of hatred.
Scenario in Pakistan
This is still the case today. If we are to compare Pakistan with India nobody would disagree that the Indians are far ahead of us in learning English. Most of their population as a result is able to communicate in English. This helps them in seeking better educational and job opportunities worldwide. Most of Pakistanis still today, are stuck in the debate whether the mode of education should be in English or Urdu.
Actually the issue is not as serious as it has been made. This is a widely known fact that English has become a global language. Hence, nations all over the world are striving hard to learn and adapt English. Hence, this is a given that Pakistanis need to adapt to English if they are to be able to compete globally. But, an issue which is even more serious is the prevailing educational crisis that still plagues Pakistan. Therefore, before we jump on the debate whether to learn in English or Urdu, we need to address the educational emergency in Pakistan. The focus should be to make education a possibility for everyone regardless of which mode is used.
Idea Behind an Urdu Tutorial Website
A lot of our population never had the opportunity and resources to learn English in the first place. People in Pakistan’s far flung rural areas do not even know Urdu which is our national language. Hence, with the educational crisis that Pakistan still faces today there is a dire need to lift up our literacy rate using whatever language our people feel most comfortable with.
It was therefore that we took the initiative of making educational video lectures’ website http://sabaq.pk/. Basically our video lectures are in Urdu so that most of the students, teachers and other viewers can better understand them. We believe that the focus should be on spreading and boosting up knowledge in the students. If the students find it difficult to grasp a concept in English, there is no use to teach them through English. However, all the main scientific terms used in our lectures are in English since there is no substitute for them in English.
We might also start making lectures in English but that would automatically eliminate the students who are not very accustomed to English. Hence, for the time being we have decided to stick to Urdu as our focus is on “educating Pakistani students”. Our moto is to serve the lesser off students by freeing them from the bondage of after-school tuition. Since Urdu happens to be the language that most of our students are comfortable with, so we decided to launch this elearning initiative via Urdu video tutorials on our website http://sabaq.pk/.
We have been listening from a lot of students of Pakistan that they do not even have access to books in their schools. Unfortunately this is not just the case in rural or far flung areas. Many students from the so called ‘developed’ areas of KPK and Balochistan are also sending us emails telling that they do not have any books to study from.
It is therefore that we initiated our project of developing an online video tutorial bank. A website that provides free video lectures along with solutions to difficult questions.
At first, we began with making Math videos for Matric students. But the overwhelming applaud and the continuous insistence of students, parents as well as the teachers lead us to developing video lectures for Physics, Chemistry and Biology as well. Later on we added O Level Math and Physics videos as well.
Nowadays we are working on developing video lectures solving difficult questions from students textbooks. Solutions to Math Questions have been already uploaded. The rest are in the pipeline.
Hence, til now, complete Matric syllabus for Math, Physics, Chemistry and Biology for all Pakistani boards have been uploaded. Videos for concept lectures and problem solutions have been provided. Moreover, videos covering complete syllabus of Cambridge University O Level Math and Physics are on our website http://sabaq.pk/.
Our stats show that over 2 million video lectures have been delivered to 350,000 students so far. If the same number of students opt for after-school tuition costing around Rs. 2,000 per month to each student (a conservative estimate), it would cost their parents Rs. 700 million (350,000* 2,000 =700 m).
All this cost can be saved if the students watch our video tutorials. Our videos serve a perfect alternative of student’s textbooks. The lectures are planned, mapped and sequenced exactly according tot he respective book Boards. Hence, we rightly claim to provide ‘free textbooks’ online via our website http://sabaq.pk/.
Thanks to our dedicated teachers, our world-class online video tutorials explain all the concepts in detail. The tremendous feedback of all the students, parents and teachers is a living proof of that.We eventually aim to be a complete online video tutorial library by covering all the syllabus of grade 5 through 12.
Amidst all the political confusion and chaos Haroon Tariq, an 18-year-old from Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province has done something that students from all over the world could not do (Masha Allah).
- World record holder for most A grades in A levels with 30 A’s.
- World record holder for most A grades in O levels with 28 A’s.
- World record holder for most A grades IGCSE and O Levels combined with 57 A’s.
- World record holder for most A grades in O Levels, IGCSEs and A Levels combined with 87 A’s
“I did my O-levels in one year – usually people do it in three years.” Haroon told the BBC.
He sat the first exams in 2010 while still attending the Army Public School in Peshawar in his home province.That year he did 10 subjects, including the compulsory ones.
“I had two years left in my O-levels [study period] so I thought I want to do something special, something different from others. I wanted to excel from other students… so I took a lot of subjects.” Haroon said.
Moving to Islamabad because of his father’s army career, Haroon piled on the O-levels and international GCSEs, scoring mostly A grades. He did some of the exams through private study at home and some through the British Council but is now working mainly through his current school, Froebels International. Haroon decided to appear for both Spanish and French as well but found them too time-consuming and gave them up.
However, never did he lock himself in an ivory tower and missed out on non-academic pursuits.
“I actually love football, you know. I love Manchester City – I support them. I’ve been following them four or five years, I love the English Premier League. On the pitch, I’m a center forward and I can also play on wings”. He told BBC
He finds time for the school debating society, too.
The example of Haroon Tariq definitely proves that Pakistanis are no less than anyone else. Pakistan has countless such Haroons who have got all the potential and skills to prove their excellence. Nothing, but only the scarcity of financial and infrastructural resources holds them back. As a result, numerous such students are not able to prove their worth. It is our duty as Pakistanis to create platforms and solutions to help such unfortunate students. Sabaq Foundation’s website http://sabaq.pk/ is one such step.
Our website provides online video tutorials to Pakistani students totally free.We have uploaded more than 4000 video tutorials covering the complete Matric syllabus for Math, Physics, Biology & Chemistry for all Pakistani boards. Moreover, videos covering the syllabus of Cambridge University O Level Math & Physics are also on our website.
All the videos have been prepared and sequenced following the exact syllabus of the respective Boards. Don’t believe it? Check out for yourselves : http://sabaq.pk/video-page.php?sid=cambridge-math-d2-2.2&v=m-9-10-variations16
We have a good news for all the O Level students anxiously waiting for our videos. The wait is over now. The videos covering the complete Cambridge O Level Physics syllabus have been uploaded on our website http://sabaq.pk/.
We have followed the exact sequence of Cambridge O Level Physics book. The videos are named and arranged exactly like the index page of Cambridge O Level Physics book. The sequence of all 25 chapters from O Level Physics has been followed in our videos as following:
Chapter 1: Measurement of Physical Quantities
Chapter 2: Speed, Velocity and Acceleration
Chapter 3: Forces
Chapter 4: Mass, Weight and Density
Chapter 5: Turning Effect of Forces
Chapter 6: Work, Energy and Power
Chapter 7: Pressure
Chapter 8: Measurement of Temperature
Chapter 9: Simple Kinetic Theory of Matter
Chapter 10: Heat Capacity
Chapter 11: Melting and Boiling
Chapter 12: Transfer of Thermal Energy
Chapter 13: General Wave Properties
Chapter 14: Reflection and Refraction of Light
Chapter 15: Converging Lens
Chapter 16: Sound
Chapter 17: Static Electricity
Chapter 18: Current Electricity
Chapter 19: D.C. Circuits
Chapter 20: Practical Electric Circuits
Chapter 21: Simple Phenomena of Magnetism
Chapter 22: Force on Conductor in a Magnetic Force
Chapter 23: Electromagnetic Effects
Chapter 24: Introductory Electronics
Chapter 25: Radioactivity and the Nuclear Atom
We are immensely pleased to announce that upon the overflowing requests of our viewers we have finally launched our DVDs. We must say that we had to go through a lot of hassle for this project and are still not done yet. So we would like to apologize for the delay and warmly thank our viewers for being patient.
For now, we have launched the DVDs for Matric Punjab Board. Complete syllabus of Math, Physics, & Chemistry for class 9th and 10th is covered in Sabaq DVDs. Each DVD set costs Rs. 300. One set has two DVDs which cover the complete syllabus of one subject for one class (e.g Math for Class 9th is covered in one set).
Here are some instructions for customers:
- The DVDs can be ordered by calling on 0310-2285040 as shown on our website sabaq.pk.
- Another way to order is by filling in the order form available on sabaq.pk.
- Our DVDs can be played in computers and laptops having DVD ROM.
- They can also be played on TV sets with DVD players.
- The DVDs cannot be played in CD-ROMS in computers.
- Windows Media Player and VLC Media Player are best suited for our videos.
- The customer only has to pay Rs.300 per DVD set with free home delivery.
- The cost is quoted on our DVD packs. Please donot pay more than Rs. 300 for one DVD set.
We had been receiving a lot of requests recently to add Biology videos on our website too. Finally the wait is over. Biology lectures for 9th and 10th grades for Punjab Board have been uploaded. The videos of Cambridge, Federal, Sindh, KPK & Balochistan Boards are on their way. Eventually videos solving past paper questions, problems (for both Cambridge and Pakistani Boards) will also be added to facilitate the students further.
A Video on Gaseous Exchange in Plants from Class 10th Biology
Uptil now videos on the following topics from class 9th Biology have been uploaded:
- Introduction to Biology
- Solving a biological problem
- Cell cycle
- Cells and tissues
- Bio energetics
From Class 10th Biology book, the following chapters have been covered:
- Gaseous exchange
- Coordination & control
- Support & movement
- Man & his environment
Our videos are meant to compliment the student’s learning from their school lectures. They help the students overcome any deficiency in their class lectures.We try to ensure that our videos explain the concepts clearly.
For this our Biology teachers use bright, colorful and legible fonts. All the diagrams used are clearly labelled. Complex terms are thoroughly explained so that the students can grasp them. Also the videos can be watched multiple times to learn the concepts by heart.
Matric students mostly consider Chemistry to be the toughest Science subject when compared to Physics and Biology. This is because just like Math, the concepts are interrelated and difficult to grasp. So most of the students donot get the concepts in one go.
Sabaq Foundation’s Chemistry videos provide the best forum to such students. Our videos explain the concepts in Urdu (retaining the terms in English). We use colorful diagrams to explain complex chemical reactions. This makes it a lot easier to understand the concepts as the dry textbooks often lose the students’ attention.
One unique thing about our videos is that we follow the exact content of the textbooks so students can find them easily. We have covered the complete Chemistry syllabus of Matric for all Pakistani Boards. Extra effort has been put to explain topics like organic chemistry, bio chemistry, chemical bonding metals, structure of atoms, matter, and chemical reactivity.
Dear Students! Below is the Complete List of Punjab Board Math Videos for 1st Year:
Chapter 1: Numbers System
Chapter 2: Sets, Functions and Groups
Chapter 3: Matrices and Determinants
Chapter 4: Quadratic Equations
Chapter 5: Partial Fractions
Chapter 6: Sequences and Series
Chapter 9: Fundamentals of Trigonometry
Chapter 11: Trigonometric Functions and their Graphs
Chapter 12: Application of Trigonometry
Chapter 13: Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Chapter 14: Solutions of Trigonometric Equations
Harmful diseases caused by smoking:
Smoking is a very harmful addiction that destroys a person’s life completely. It causes a whole lot of diseases. Lung cancer is the first and foremost of those. Smoking causes the cells of alveoli in our lungs to start dividing abnormally. This causes them to multiply in number and form a lump in our lungs.
Not only this, smoking affects all the body parts including the kidneys, mouth, oral cavity, bladder and even the larynx as well. Larynx basically cools, moistens the inhaled air along with removing the dust from it. Smoking inhibits the larynx from doing so. Hence a smoker’s larynx is unable to perform these functions.
Moreover, the kidneys get damaged as they filter the carcinogenic blood. Smoking also affects the oral cavity including the mouth, teeth, gums. Our teeth become yellowish due to smoking.
Smoking causes the carbon monoxide level in our blood to exceed thereby decreasing our haemoglobin level to decrease. Carbon monoxide increases the amount of platelets in our blood causing ‘arteriosclerosis’. Arteriosclerosis causes the arterial wall to get thick and less elastic. Additionally, smoking also causes ‘Pneumonia‘ and ‘Tuberculosis (TB)‘. Along with all of these diseases, smoking also affects a person’s social life as s/he slowly gets inflicted by diseases.
Another important point is that ‘passive smoking‘ harms the non smokers to a much greater extent. Inhaling the smoke of a smoker causes double damage to the passive smokers as the smoke goes in their lungs unfiltered. Thus, even the smokers’ family members are not safe from the dangers of smoking.
Hence, people must avoid this life threatening addiction as much as possible if they are to lead a healthy life. The World Health Organization (WHO) celebrates World No Tobacco Day on 31st May of every year to create awareness among people about the harmful effects caused by smoking.
سید ذیشان احمد
کوئی سرکاری ادارہ کوئی ریگولیٹری باڈی موجود نہیں جو جھاڑیوں کی طرح ہر گلی میں اگتے ان سینٹروں پر نظر رکھے —
ہمارے ملک کے تعلیمی نظام میں کوچنگ سینٹرز بہت ہی اہم کردار ادا کرتے ہیں۔ میں نے اپنی تعلیمی زندگی میں جیسے جیسے قدم بڑھائے، مجھ پر یہ بات واضح ہوتی گئی کہ یہ سینٹر بالکل اسکولوں اور کالجوں کی طرح ہی اہم ہیں۔ اور تب ہی یہ حقیقت بھی کھلنے لگی کہ ایسے تمام سینٹر بالکل ایک ہی طرح سے تعلیم بیچنے کا کام کرتے ہیں۔
اگر تمام نہیں تو زیادہ تر ٹیوشن سینٹر ایک مشین کے طور پر کام کرتے ہیں۔ اور ایک مشین ہی کی طرح یہ روح سے عاری ہوتے ہیں۔ مشہور ترین سینٹروں کی فیسیں بھی آسمان سے باتیں کرتی دکھائی دیتی ہیں۔ ویسے تو کوچنگ سینٹرز اپنے اشتہاروں میں اس بات کا اعادہ کرتے ہیں کہ ان کا تمام…
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